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USTR Established Second Trade Dispute Panel on Dairy Access to Canada




Dairy USTR

Micheal Clements

News Service Editor, NAFB

photo credit: Getty Images

The U.S. Trade Representative’s Office is once again pressuring Canada to open market access to U.S. dairy products as agreed upon in the U.S.-Mexico-Canada Agreement. Micheal Clements shares more.

Clements: U.S. Trade Representative Katherine Tai this week established the second U.S.-Mexico-Canada Agreement dispute panel regarding access to Canada’s dairy market. Dave Salmonsen, American Farm Bureau Federation Senior Government Affairs Director, says the case stems from Canada’s application of tariff rate quotas for dairy products.
Salmonsen: USTR is saying that these actions by Canada have not followed the initial decision in a case that was won by the U.S. in December of 2021 to try to enforce the measures and the US-Mexico-Canada agreement that granted increased access into the Canadian market for U.S. dairy producers. So, this is a follow up to that initial decision.
Clements: TRQs allow a country to export products without facing a full tariff.
Salmonsen: These are measures put in trade agreements where a country says we'll allow a certain amount of product in, but we won't apply our full tariff. And this was negotiated in the US-Mexico-Canada Agreement, and the U.S. is saying that our dairy producers have not gotten that access, Canada has not followed the agreements that they made in the USMCA.
Clements: The process will likely take six to eight months, according to Salmonsen, who says a positive outcome for the U.S. would boost dairy exports to Canada.
Salmonsen: If U.S. wins the case again and Canada actually implements the regulations the way the agreement says they should, it would add about over $250 million or more worth of U.S. dairy products going into Canada. Currently we export about 550 to $600 million of dairy products to Canada, so this will be a significant increase, and would set the stage for further growth.
Clements: Micheal Clements, Washington.

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