In 2018, Milk Production is Higher for Some

First Quarter U.S. Milk Production Up 1.5 Percent

Market Intel / April 23, 2018

USDA’s April 20, 2018, Milk Production report indicated U.S. milk production during the first quarter of 2018 was 54.4 billion pounds, up 1.5 percent or 823 million pounds from the first quarter of 2017. On a daily average production basis, during the first quarter of 2018, U.S. dairy farmers produced an additional 9 million pounds of milk per day than in 2017.

The average number of milking cows during the quarter was 9.41 million head, up nearly 40,000 head from the same quarter last year. The average number of milking cows during the quarter was at the highest level in more than 20 years. Finally, milk per cow was a record-high 5,781 pounds during the quarter. 

The increase in milk output, however, was not uniform across the U.S. In Alabama, milk production during the first quarter of 2018 was down 19 percent from last year. Overall, 22 states saw lower milk output during the quarter than last year. Of states experiencing a decline in milk production, New York saw the largest decline at 81 million pounds, or approximately 900,000 pounds per day in lower milk output.

There were 23 states that produced more milk during the first quarter of 2018 than in the first quarter of 2017. On a percentage basis, milk production growth was the highest in Nevada and Colorado, both at 9 percent respectively. Worth noting, however, is California. For many years California had been experiencing year-over-year declines in milk production. From January 2015 to December 2017, California milk production experienced declines during 32 out of 36 months. Now, for three consecutive months California milk production has increased above prior year levels. During the first quarter of 2018 California milk production was up 2.7 percent or 276 million pounds. On a daily average basis California is producing 3.1 million more pounds per day than during 2017.

Contact:
John Newton, Ph.D.
Chief Economist
(202) 406-3729
jnewton@fb.org
twitter.com/@New10_AgEcon
 

Share This Article

The 2020 DMC enrollment was just 63% of 2019’s enrollment, with approximately 114 billion pounds of milk enrolled

Full Article
Credit: Sgt. Mikki Sprenkle/Public Domain 

Today, the United States and China signed a long-awaited Phase One trade deal that, as expected, substantially address trade in food and agricultural products. Under the agreement, China has signaled it will purchase and import on average at least $40 billion annually of U.S. food, agricultural and seafood products. However, the main text doesn’t provide much description as to how that figure will be achieved.

Full Article